Pictured here are Ricardo and Enrique Flores Magon. They were among the many revolutionaries who rose up against the Mexican government. Their headquarters was on the West Coast. Their goal was to capture Ensenada and create a socialist state in Baja California.
They organized an army and begin their attack. On May 9, 1911 their forces captured Tijuana. They then divided their forces into two parts. One part stayed in Tijuana. The other part moved west to Mexicali.
Most of the soldiers were United States citizen volunteers. Only ten of the two hundred and twenty rebel soldiers were not United States citizens, that is to say, Mexicans. The American volunteers had their own agenda, that is, to take possession of Baja California and annex her to the United States.
Most of the local Mexican people in Mexicali crossed the border into the United States. Fighting started and a battle took place between the rebels and the federales. Mexicali was soon in flames. Twelve federales were killed. Twenty of the rebel forces were killed.
This was a victory for the Flores Magon brothers. Tijuana became a supply center for them and also a recruitment center for more American volunteers. This was happening in California at the same time as the fighting in started in Juarez.
He did not know it at the time, but my father was taking his family from one battle zone and replacing it with another.